romans 1:21 commentary

Imaginations - This word means properly “thoughts,” then “reasonings,” and also “disputations.” Perhaps our word, “speculations,” would convey its meaning here. The Epistle To The Romans 3 Called To Be Saints Romans 1:7 INTRODUCTION 1. Then the universal pantheistic mist was separated into parts, and the figures of finite nature-gods and goddesses emerged, and so idolatry arose. 451201 > ROMANS 12:1-21 HERE we enter on the second division of this Epistle, where Paul, according to his accustomed method, enforces the duties of believers, by arguments dependent on his previous exhibition of the grand and influential doctrines of the Gospel.These doctrines, as well as all the commandments of God, may be summed up in one word, namely, in\parLOVE. Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. Однако следует отметить, на каком именно шаге познания остановились люди, о чем и говорит тут же. Romans 10:1-21. God being dim to their perceptions, their reasonings in regard to him became foolish and wicked. Heart was darkened—So that the twilight of pantheism first came on, and then the midnight of atheism or idolatry. "neither gave thanks"-ingratitude and human pride the root of false religion-just take a good look at the Humanist Manifesto. Adam Clarke Commentary. Is it a simple possibility to which he is referring! To do this it was needful to show them that they had the knowledge of God, and the means of knowing what was right; and that the true source of their sins and idolatries was a corrupt and evil heart. Greek. 5 a Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, b we 1 have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. They were therefore, in reality, without God in the world, inasmuch as they set up devils, whom, under the name of gods, they served with the most abominable rites. Romans 1:21-26 New International Version (NIV). The opposite of this is what is meant by the expression, ‘neither were thankful;’ and this is what the heathens were not, for they ascribed one part of what they possessed to the stars, another part to fortune, and another to their own wisdom. To glorify God signifies to acknowledge and worship Him with ascriptions of praise, because of His glorious attributes. "Vain in their reasonings"-"all their thinking has ended in futility" (NEB); "their thoughts turned to worthless things" (Beck); "they busied themselves with silly speculations" (Nor). Became vain in their thoughts. (where, however, a different construction is given for this passage, being made to depend immediately on ). When they knew God - Greek, “knowing God.” That is, they had an acquaintance with the existence and many of the perfections of one God. Romans 1:21. Thus in the present instance, in Romans 1:19, Romans 1:20, he proved that the heathen had a knowledge of God which rendered them inexcusable, and then the fact that they were without excuse, is proved by showing that they did not act in accordance with the truth. But when Paul says, Ephesians 2:12, that they were without God, he has respect to their worship and their practice. The kind of knowledge Paul had in mind, in my judgment, is both natural and supernatural. Browse Sermons on Romans 1:21-25. In pantheism God became as a universal mist, losing his true personality and his moral attributes. The reduplication of the same idea in shows the indignant contempt with which the Apostle looked on this empty and abject religion in which God had been lost. Others acknowledged but one God, as Plato, Aristotle, &c.; but then they either denied his providence, as the Peripatetics, or tied him to second or inferior causes, as the Stoics. 3:19, 20). Even though people in the past "knew" God, they chose to not follow Him. Men are said to glorify God either when they ascribe glory to him, or when they so act as to lead others to honor him. οὐχ ὡς θεὸν ἐδόξ.] They did violence to their judgments, and became void of judgment: they lost their understanding, because they would not follow its direction. Perhaps the first thing to keep in mind when preparing to preach on Romans 12:9-21 is a word from 1 John: “We love because he first loved us” (4:19). Benson Commentary. Because. they glorified him not as God. This word was often used by Bible characters to express thankfulness ( Matthew 15:36; Matthew 26:26; John 11:41; Romans 1:8; Colossians 1:3). He plainly testifies here, that God has presented to the minds of all the means of knowing him, having so manifested himself by his works, that they must necessarily see what of themselves they seek not to know — that there is some God; for the world does not by chance exist, nor could it have proceeded from itself. Rev., better, reasonings. Romans 8:1-11. They knew his existence and some of His perfections; but they had so entirely bewildered their minds, and added so many errors to the truth, that they were in reality living without God. The word vain (mataioo) is found only here, and it means worthless, purposeless. Compare Acts 4:15. 10:31; Отк. Instead of opening himself to the action of the light, man withdrew from it his heart and will; instead of developing the truth, he quenched it. Creator of all things out of nothing, and as the sole Governor of Living denotes the spiritual state of believer.9 1 David Coffey, Romans: Crossway Bible Guide (Great Britian: Omnia Books Limited, 2000), 186. But the result of rejecting the light was that their senseless heart was darkened. The soul which turns away from the knowledge of God is active in the turning away, but passive in the resultant descent into vanity and darkness, such a defector from the light becoming, in time, sub-human; because that part of his brain with which he should honor and glorify God becomes atrophied, hardened, insensible. Because that, when they knew God — that is, while still retaining some real knowledge of Him, and ere they sank down into the state next to be described. The term διαλογισμοί, reasonings, is always taken by the writers of the New Testament in an unfavorable sense; it denotes the unregulated activity of the νοῦς, understanding, in the service of a corrupt heart. Neither were thankful. Здесь апостол открыто говорит, что Бог вложил познание о Себе в умы всех людей. This verse explains why humanity is without excuse (v. 20). не прославили Его Конечная цель человека – прославление Бога (Лев. 21 For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they () became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. how fatal to rebel against the light and convictions of our own minds! For the invisible things of him Not the angels, the invisible inhabitants of heaven: nor the unseen glories of another world; nor the decrees of God; nor the persons in the Godhead; but the perfections of God, or his "properties", as the Arabic version reads it; and which are explained by "his eternal power and Godhead": these, They know God. God, yet. Their unintelligent heart; their heart which, by itself, was endowed with no special faculty of discernment such as to enable them to dispense with the enlightenment from above. They glorified him not as God, neither were they thankful: That is, they had not a due sense of the favours and benefits of God conferred upon them; but, ascribing the blessings of heaven to chance and fortune, to fate and destiny, to the influence of the stars and planets, to their own prudence and providence, they paid their thanks to blind fortune, for a favour which the eye of providence had bestowed upon them: It is impossible that God should receive the tribute of thankfulness, if we do not see all our mercies flowing from him. Well might our apostle say, They became vain in their imaginations. When the youngster sat down at the table, he bowed his head and waited for someone to give thanks for the meal. That many of the philosophers of Greece and Rome had a knowledge of one God, there can be no doubt. The sensual impurity of religions in which the incorruptible God had been resigned for the image of an animal, that could not but creep into the imagination of the worshippers and debase it, was a Divine judgment. Only here. Hilda Bright and Keith Simons. And their foolish heart - The word “heart” is not infrequently used to denote the mind, or the understanding. Though this information was available, numerous people did not want it. See on συνετός prudent Matthew 11:25, and the kindred word σύνεσις understandingsee on Mark 12:33; see on Luke 2:47. In May of 1738, a failed minister and missionary reluctantly went to a small Bible study where someone read aloud from Martin Luther’s Commentary on Romans. Mr. Locke illustrates the next clause by the stupid folly and vanity of their idolatry. Then the universal pantheistic mist was separated into parts, and the figures of finite nature-gods and goddesses emerged, and so idolatry arose. We love because…. It appears also that the Apostle had in view the fact, that the philosophers in their schools entertained some proper ideas of God, but in their worship conformed to the popular errors. They found themselves struggling in the dark and sought to come up with a solution which would satisfy their desires and the desires of the masses, without having to face up to the truth. Heart, after the manner of the Hebrews, is to be taken here for the whole soul, especially the mind. Vain ( ἐματαιώθησαν) that is, according to constant scriptural usage, became both foolish and wicked. [Heart = mind.]. 1:22–32). Romans 1:21 Thanks. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Romans 1:21-25. So instead they became vain and empty in their thinking and in their reasonings as they sought to find ways to satisfy the emptiness within, without recourse to God. Glorified him not; did not honor and obey him as God. Romans 10:1-21 Israel's Unbelief. Martyr and Clem. Because; either this must be referred to the words immediately foregoing, and then it is a reason why the Gentiles are inexcusable. Romans 15:21. ἀλλὰ καθὼς γέγραπται: Paul’s actual procedure corresponded with, and indeed led to the fulfilment of, a famous O.T. Neither were thankful — It is worthy our observation, that gratitude to God is here put for the whole of religion; and as no principle can be nobler, so none can be stronger or more extensive. Romans 1:19 declared that the light was really put within them. What a terrible instance have we of this in the writings of Lucretius! When Paul was sent to the Gentiles, they were in self-caused ignorance (Acts 26:18). Romans 1:21-23 NLT. Но осуетились. Their speculations, instead of leading them to the truth, or nearer to God, were the means of darkening their minds, and blinding them still more than they were naturally. But what they did not want was to be controlled by Him in their activities and behaviour. Salem Media Group. 1 Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for 1 Israel is that they may be saved. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. Romans 1:16-32 (2016) English Standard Version. What is important is what does the Word of God say concerning the matter. And by that knowledge and love of the Holy One, man’s whole nature was regulated in harmony with itself and with God. αὐτ. 22 Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23 and () exchanged the glory of () the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful, glorified him not as God, neither were they thankful, That they became vain in their imaginations. Some of them denied that there was a God, others doubted whether there was a God or no; some affirmed there was but one God, others owned a plurality, yea, a multiplicity of gods. So Paul designates the vain creations of mythology. Bright flags of the nations of the world fly in the breezes off the river; the most prominent is the blue and white UN flag, its two white reeds of oliv… ‘Glorify’ refers to praising God for what He is. Professing themselves to be wise - This is most strikingly true of all the ancient philosophers, whether Greeks or Romans, as their works, which remain, sufficiently testify. They didn"t hold God in the high esteem that He deserves. This verse must be looked upon as the coffin and grave of any theory that the human race progressively worked its way upward in religion. So their vain reasonings were not just empty or futile reasonings, they were positively sinful. Woe be to our Solifugae that abuse gospel light; these put not light "under a bushel" (as the poor Paynims did) but under a dunghill; Gravis est lux conscientiae, Heavy is the light of conscience, saith Seneca; but heavier is the light of the gospel, gravior est lux Evangelii, say we. Outlines of the book of Romans often divide … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 12:1-8" Romans 1:20. Not to recognise or believe in God is not, like the ignoring a person in history or a fact in science, purely an intellectual defect, but also, a moral. But became vain - To “become vain,” with us, means to be elated, or to be self-conceited, or to seek praise from others. — Besides the manifestation of God in the works of creation, the heathens had still some internal lights, some principles and natural notions, which are spoken of, ch. Compare Acts 14:15. imaginations = reasonings. The Holy Spirit helps us in our weakness as we wait. Claiming to be wise, they instead became utter fools. the universe; they did not glorify him by the internal exercise This is the result of abandoning God"s truth and engaging in human speculation, you end up with a head full of silly theories, comprehension and understanding are darkened. They glorified him not as God - They did not “honor” him as God. Romans 1:21. 3 Rev. ἀσύνετος is not the result of ἐσκοτ.,—‘became darkened so as to lose its understanding,’—but the converse,—their heart ( καρδία of the whole inner man,—the seat of knowledge and feeling) being foolish (unintelligent, not retaining God in its knowledge) became dark (lost the little light it had, and wandered blindly in the mazes of folly). The first part of this passage reminds us that we are unable to put others first without God’s saving grace. Since men have not recognized these attributes in God, but have dreamt of him as though he were an empty phantom, they are justly said to have impiously robbed him of his own glory. То есть, оставив истину Божию, обратились к суете умствований своих, вся мудрость которых пуста и рассеивается подобно дыму. Was darkened; blinded as to the spiritual nature and perfections of God. Home » Bible Commentaries » Comments on Romans. If it were possible for a mind to exist extraneous to God, and not created by God, still that mind would be bound to praise God.— ἢ), or, at least.— ἐματαιώθησαν) This verb and ἐσκοτίσθη have a reciprocal force. A willingness to honor God as God - to reverence, love, and obey him, would effectually restrain people from sin. Was darkened - Was rendered obscure, so that they did not perceive and comprehend the truth. Because that when they knew God When once darkness is suffered to overspread the mind, an impotent stupidity of all the active powers of the soul is the result; and thus the truth which God left with and in men, instead of having free scope to acquire strength and develop itself, came by degrees to be lost, and the still, small voice of conscience, first disregarded, was next thwarted, and at length systematically disregarded. 21 For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened. From this point, we take up what they MIGHT HAVE DONE, but DID NOT. Man confined himself to receiving it. The task of the heart and understanding would have been to draw from the contemplation of the work the distinct view of the divine worker, then, in the way of adoration, to invest this sublime being with all the perfections which He displayed in His creation. (f) As if he said, became so corrupt in themselves. Note the emphasis on the fact that they were ungrateful. Romans 12:1-21. Mr. Locke illustrates the next clause by the stupid folly and vanity of their idolatry. Exceptions are allowed for (Romans 2:10), but this is the position as a whole. Neither were thankful] How then shall we answer to God our hateful unthankfulness, which is (saith one) "a monster in nature, a solecism in manners, a paradox in divinity, a parching wind to dam up the fountain of divine favours." Romans 8:1-11. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Did not glorify him as God. Deuteronomy 32:21; 1 Kings 16:26 al. We speak of the head when we refer to the understanding, but this was not the case with the Hebrews. The natural outgrowth of this knowledge should be to glorify Him through praise and thanksgiving. Paul appeals to Roman Christians "to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God" (v. 1). 21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;. Some apply this expression, ‘became vain in their reasonings,’ to the attempts of the heathen philosophers to explore, in a physical sense, the things which the poets ascribed to the gods. No doubt acts of worship and thanksgiving addressed to the gods were not wanting in paganism; but it is not without meaning that the apostle takes care to put the words in front: as God. Romans 1:23, ESV: "and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things." 4:11). 21. 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