Significant strides have been made in reducing unemployment, though the state suffers from substandard healthcare services, a lack of socio-economic development, poor infrastructure, unemployment and civil violence. Mosques, madrasas and khanqahs were built throughout these stages. C. V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize for his discovery (Raman Effect) done at the IACS. Since over 27 per cent of the population of the state is Muslim, Mamata thought that she must secure this vote bank, and for this purpose took steps that greatly offended the 70.5 per cent Hindu population in West Bengal. , However, over the years due to effective changes in the stance towards industrialisation, ease of doing business has improved in West Bengal. Armed attempts against the British Raj from Bengal reached a climax when news of Subhas Chandra Bose leading the Indian National Army against the British reached Bengal.  The predominant commercial tree species is Shorea robusta, commonly known as the sal tree. , During the 1970s and 1980s, severe power shortages, strikes and a violent Marxist–Maoist movement by groups known as the Naxalites damaged much of the city's infrastructure, leading to a period of economic stagnation and deindustrialization. The state's main ethnic group are the Bengalis, with the Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority. He wrote the facts for his claim that Mamta has recognized more than 10,000 madrassas who have received funds from Saudi Arabia and made their degree eligible for a government job, money comes from Saudi and in those madrassas Wahhabi bigotry Is taught. Although Mother Teresa worked in Kolkata (Calcutta), Christianity is a minority religion in Kolkata as well. For other uses, see, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFChandra1989 (, Population of West Bengal (80,221,171) is 7.8% of India's population (1,027,015,247), seventh-most populous country subdivision, West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation, List of institutions of higher education in West Bengal, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers, National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, List of colleges and universities in West Bengal, "Centre appoints four new Governors, Jagdeep Dhankar now in-charge of West Bengal", "Area, population, decennial growth rate and density for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Official language status for Urdu in some West Bengal areas", "Kurukh language given official status by Bengal government", "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to list of official languages in", "Sex ratio, 0–6 age population, literates and literacy rate by sex for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", "Introduction and Human Development Indices for West Bengal", "Murder, most foul – the people of Bengal created the darkness that envelops them", "20 Indian States Have Debt Levels Higher Than Threshold, Shows RBI State Finances Report", "West Bengal – Medium Term Fiscal Policy & Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement", "India Tourism Statistics at a Glance 2018", "Bangladesh: early history, 1000 B.C.–A.D.  Data from 2010 to 2014 showed the life expectancy in the state was 70.2 years, higher than the national value of 67.9. For example, the foothills of the Himalayas, the Dooars, are densely wooded with sal and other tropical evergreen trees. , As of 2015[update], West Bengal has the sixth-highest GSDP in India. In West Bengal, 7,820,710 children (0-6) live in rural areas. , Several European traders reached this area in the late 15th century. West Bengal is a state in India located along the Bay of Bengal. , 3.26% of the geographical area of West Bengal is protected land, comprising fifteen wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks—Sundarbans National Park, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Gorumara National Park, Neora Valley National Park and Singalila National Park. West Bengal has a conviction rate of 5.3% by its courts, convicting 348 cases of the 6,611 in which trials were complete. These are probably descendants of Bangal migrants from the east. Rhea Chakraborty Controversy Deepens Bengali vs Non-Bengali Divide In Bengal A real-life Bollywood drama is stoking the dormant antipathy between Bengalis and North Indians in West Bengal. He has written that this message has been given openly in the Quran that Islamic rule should be established throughout the world. Christianity in West Bengal, India is a minority religion.  The Bengali word Bongo might have been derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga (or Banga). There are schemes to distribute Muslim youth from free bicycle to laptop. , There are significant examples of fine arts in Bengal from earlier times, including the terracotta art of Hindu temples and the Kalighat paintings. One branch enters Bangladesh as the Padma, or Pôdda, while the other flows through West Bengal as the Bhagirathi River and Hooghly River. :20 Kolkata is the headquarters of three zones of the Indian Railways—Eastern Railway and South Eastern Railway and the Kolkata Metro, which is the newly formed 17th zone of the Indian Railways. You will receive a link to create a new password via email. The Bengali Muslim population in West Bengal before 1947 was around 30% and during the time of independence, it went down to just 18% in West Bengal just after 1947 partition. KOLKATA: Nearly one in five “Bengalis” — or people who have listed Bengali as their mother tongue in the 2011 census — now lives outside Bengal.  Buddha Purnima, which marks the birth of Gautama Buddha, is one of the most important Hindu/Buddhist festivals and is celebrated with much gusto in the Darjeeling hills.  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